Holy Pilgrimage – Temples in Tamilnadu State
Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य Sūrya, "the Supreme Light" ) Suraya or Phra Athit is the chief solar deity in Hinduism. The term Surya also refers to the Sun, in general.
Surya is the chief of the Navagraha, Indian "Classical planets" and important elements of Hindu astrology. He is often depicted riding a chariot harnessed by seven horses or one horse with seven heads, which represent the seven colours of the rainbow or the seven chakras. He also presides over Sunday. Surya is regarded as the Supreme Deity by Saura sect, which is now a very small following. Smartas worship him as one of the five primary forms of God.
Surya as the Sun is worshipped at dawn by most Hindus and has many temples dedicated to him across India. He also enjoys worship as a part of the Navagraha. He is especially worshipped in the Hindu festivals of Ratha Saptami, Makar Sankranti, Chhath and Samba Dashami.
Arka formSurya is worshiped in various forms throughout India. One of the most important epithet (form) of 'Surya' is 'Arka'. The "Arka" form is worshiped mostly in North India and Eastern parts of India. The temples dedicated to 'Arka' form of Surya are Konarka Temple in Orissa, Uttararka and Lolarka in Uttar Pradesh, Balarka in Rajasthan. There was an old sun-temple in (Bahraich, Uttar Pradesh) named Balarka Surya Mandir, built by King Tilokchand Arkawanshi in early 10th century AD. The temple was destroyed in the 14th century during Turkish invasions.
The grandest Surya temple is Konark surya temples built by Ganga Vamsi king Narasimha Dev of Orissa.
The Sun Temple, Modhera, at Modhera in Gujarat, is a temple dedicated to the Hindu Sun-God, Surya. It was built in 1026 AD by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty.
'Mitra' form of Surya'Surya' is also known as 'Mitra' (meaning friend) for his life nourishing properties. Mitra form of 'Surya' had been worshiped mostly in Gujarat, where a clan of Suryawanshi kings was known as Mitrawanshi kshatriyas, also known by its distorted name Maitrakas (मैत्रक)
Religious role and relationshipsVivasvata (Surya, Osiris, Sirius, Sothis) had three queens; Saranyu (also called Saraniya, Saranya, Sanjna, or Sangya) (the Orion Belt), Ragyi, and Prabha. Saranyu was the mother of Vaivasvata Manu or Sraddhadeva Manu (the seventh, i.e. present Manu) and the twins Yama (the Lord of Death) and his sister Yami. She also bore him the twins known as the Ashvins, divine horsemen and physicians to the Devas. Saranyu, being unable to bear the extreme radiance of Surya, created a superficial entity from her shadow called Chhaya and instructed her to act as Surya's wife in her absence. Chhaya mothered two sons – Savarni Manu (the eighth, i.e. next Manu) and Shani (the planet Saturn), and two daughters – Tapti and Vishti. He also has a son, Revanta, or Raivata, by Ragyi.
Interestingly, Surya's two sons Shani and Yama (Pollux and Castor) are responsible for the judgment of human life. Shani gives us the results of one's deeds through one's life through appropriate punishments and rewards while Yama grants the results of one's deeds after death.
In Ramayana, Surya is described as father of the King Sugriva, who helped Rama and Lakshmana in defeating the demon king Ravana. He also trains Hanuman as his guru. The Suryavanshi / Suryavansha dynasty of kings, Rama being one of them, also claims descent from Surya.
In the Mahabharata, Princess Kunti receives instruction for a mantra from the sage Durvasa; by reciting which, she would be able to summon any god and bear a child by him. Incredulous of the power of this mantra, Kunti unwittingly tests it on Surya, but when Surya appears, she gets scared and requests him to go back. However, Surya has an obligation to fulfil the mantra before returning. Surya miraculously causes Kunti to bear the child immediately whilst retaining her virginity so that she, as an unmarried princess, need not face any embarrassment or be subjected to questions from society. Kunti feels compelled to abandon the child, Karna, who grows up to become one of the central characters in the great battle of Kurukshetra.
In ZoroastrianismIn the Vedas, Surya is frequently referred to as "the eye of Mitra, Varuna, and Agni" (RV 1.115.1, RV 6.51.1, RV 7.63.1, WYV 4.35, WYV 7.42, WYV 13.46, AV 13.2.35). This bears striking similarities to Zoroastrian scriptures, where the Sun is described as "the eye of Ahura Mazda".
In AstrologyIn Vedic astrology Surya is considered a mild malefic on account of his hot, dry nature. Surya represents soul, will-power, fame, the eyes, general vitality, courage, kingship, father, highly placed persons and authority. He is exalted in the sign Mesha(Aries) and is in decline in the sign Tula (Libra). The strongest placement for Surya is directly overhead in the 10th house, and on the angles (the 1st, 5th and 9th houses). Surya is lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Krittika, Uttara Phalguni and Uttara Ashadha. Surya has the following associations: the colors – copper or red, the metals – gold or brass, the gemstone – ruby, the direction – east and the season of summer. The food grain associated with him (one of Nava Dhanyas) is wheat.
Strong and well placed Sun in the birth chart makes a person noble, determined and genial. People governed by well disposed Sun are honest, trustworthy and loyal. They do not like to be dominated and they can be extremely difficult if they are cheated or lied to. People ruled by the Sun easily assume fatherly role and lead the team as per their notions and whim. As a result, they are not appreciated most of the time. Afflicted sun in the birth chart makes a person arrogant and stubborn. People with malefic Sun have exaggerated ego and they enjoy creating trouble for other people. The latent potential bestowed by the Sun needs to be channelized in right direction to prevent them from heading on the wrong path.
See also: Konark Sun Temple, Buguda Biranchinarayan Temple, Martand Sun Temple, Multan Sun Temple, and Sun Temple, Modhera
There are sun temples in Modhera, Gujarat, created by King Bhimdev of the Solanki dynasty, in Arasavalli, Andhra Pradesh, Kanakaditya Temple in Kasheli (Dist. Sindhudurg) – Maharashtra, near the famous Galtaji's temple in Jaipur, Rajasthan and in clusters of Navagraha temples in Tamil Nadu and Assam. The Sun Temple at Martand in Jammu and Kashmir and Sun Temple of Multan are temples which were destroyed. The only and the famous Surya temple in northern India is Kattarmal surya mandir in Almora District, Uttarakhand created by King Kattarmal in the 12th century.
The Gurjars were essentially sun worshipers and some of the sun temples were erected by them during the medieval period. The sun temple known as Jayaditya was constructed by Gurjar king of Nandipuri, Jayabhatta II.This temple is situated at Kotipura near Kapika in the Bharukachha district. The Surya temple of Bhinmal known as Jagaswami Surya temple was also erected during this period.
Makara Sankaranti is most Widely celebrated Hindu festival dedicated to the Sun God. It is celebrated as Makara Sankranti throughout India and as Pongal by Tamils all over the world. People thank the Sun God for ensuring a good harvest and dedicate the first grain to him.
Chhath is another Hindu Festival dedicated to Surya. It is believed to started by Karna, the son of Surya, who became a great warrior and fought against the Pandavas in the Kurukshetra War. Chhath is unique to Bihar, Jharkhand and the some Parts of Uttar Pradesh, Nepal & Mauritius.
Samba Dashami is another festival celebrated in the eastern coastal state of Orissa, India in the honour of Samba, the son of Krishna who got cured from leprosy by praying to Surya.
Ratha Saptami is a Hindu festival that falls on the Seventh day (Saptami) of the bright half of the Hindu month Maagha. This day is also known as Surya Jayanti because it celebrates the power of the Sun God who is believed to be an incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Lord Vishnu in his form as Surya is usually worshiped on this day. Usually, Rathasapthami begins in households with a purification bath by holding a few calotropis leaves on one's head and shoulders while bathing and chanting a verse which is supposed to invoke the benevolence of the Lord in all that one takes up the rest of the year. It also involves doing a puja with the ritual 'Naivedyam', flowers and fruits. On this day at Tirumala (Andhra Pradesh), Lord Venkateshwara (Balaji) is mounted on Seven Vahanas (Celestial Vehicles) one after the other starting from Suryaprabha Vahana and ending with Chandraprabha Vahana. Other Vahanas are Hanumad vahana, Garuda Vahana, Peddashesha Vahana, Kalpavruksha vahana and Sarvabhupala vahana. Also chakrasnanam is performed on the same day. A devotee enjoys watching the Lord mounted on different vahanas in one day which is popularly known as Okka roju Brahmotsavam (Single day celebrations).
In MahabharataSurya is not mentioned as one of the Adityas in the first book of the epic Mahabarata, but may be regarded as the compound of the twelve solar deities mentioned there, to be understood in connection to the Jyotisha vedic astrology: Dhatri, Mitra, Aryaman, Sakra, Varuna, Amsa, Vaga, Vivaswat, Usha, Savitri, Tvashtri, Vishnu.
In Mahabharata, Surya is referred to as father of Karna, as he begot the latter on Kunti when she was virgin. With his grace and in order that Kunti is not spoken of badly in the world, Kunti could retain virginhood even after delivering a child.
Saurashtra SurymandirThe Kathi Darbar, Shri Amra Patgir developed the temple of Shri Surynarayan in Thangadh village of Surendranagar district in Gujarat. The kathis were come in Saurashtra in the 12th and 13th centuries.
Surya namaskara, or the "Sun salutation"
The 12 mantras for surya namaskara:
- ॐ मित्राय नमः aum mitrāya namah
- ॐ रवये नमः aum ravayé namah
- ॐ सूर्याय नमः aum sūryāya namah
- ॐ भानवे नमः aum bhānavé namah
- ॐ खगाय नमः aum khagāya namah
- ॐ पुष्णे नमः aum pushné namah
- ॐ हिरण्यगर्भाय नमः aum hiranyagarbhāya namah
- ॐ मारिचाये नमः aum mārichāyé namah
- ॐ आदित्याय नमः aum ādityāya namah
- ॐ सावित्रे नमः aum sāvitré namah
- ॐ अर्काय नमः aum ārkāya namah
- ॐ भास्कराय नमः aum bhāskarāya namah
आ कृष्णेन् रजसा वर्तमानो निवेशयन्न अमृतं मर्त्यं च ।
हिरण्ययेन सविता रथेना देवो याति भुवनानि पश्यन ॥
Throughout the dusky firmament advancing, laying to rest the immortal and the mortal,
Borne in his golden chariot he cometh, Savitar, God who looks on every creature.The Gayatri Mantra is also associated with Surya. Another hymn associated with Surya is the Aditya Hridayam, recited by the great sage Agastya to Rama on the warfield before the fight with Ravana.
HYMN L. Sūrya. (Rig Veda)1 HIS bright rays bear him up aloft, the God who knoweth all that lives,
Sūrya, that all may look on him.
2 The constellations pass away, like thieves, together with their beams,
Before the all-beholding Sun.
3 His herald rays are seen afar refulgent o’er the world of men,
Like flames of fire that burn and blaze.
4 Swift and all beautiful art thou, O Sūrya, maker of the light,
Illuming all the radiant realm.
5 Thou goest to the hosts of Gods, thou comest hither to mankind,
Hither all light to be beheld.
6 With that same eye of thine wherewith thou lookest brilliant Varuṇa,
Upon the busy race of men,
7 Traversing sky and wide mid-air, thou metest with thy beams our days,
Sun, seeing all things that have birth.
8 Seven Bay Steeds harnessed to thy car bear thee, O thou farseeing One,
God, Sūrya, with the radiant hair.
9 Sūrya hath yoked the pure bright Seven, the daughters of the car; with these,
His own dear team, he goeth forth.
10 Looking upon the loftier light above the darkness we have come
To Sūrya, God among the Gods, the light that is most excellent.
11 Rising this day, O rich in friends, ascending to the loftier heaven,
Sūrya remove my heart's disease, take from me this my yellow hue.
12 To parrots and to starlings let us give away my yellowness,
Or this my yellowness let us transfer to Haritāla trees.
13 With all his conquering vigour this Āditya hath gone up on high,
Giving my foe into mine hand: let me not be my foeman's prey.
In Jyotish astrology, Mangala (Devanagari: मंगल, Maṅgala) is the name for Mars, the red planet. Mars is also called Angaraka ('one who is red in colour' or Bhauma ('son of Bhumi') in Sanskrit. He is the god of war and is celibate. He is considered the son of Prithvi or Bhumi, the Earth Goddess. He is the owner of the Aries and Scorpio signs, and a teacher of the occult sciences (Ruchaka Mahapurusha Yoga).
He is painted red or flame colour, four-armed, carrying a trident (Sanskrit: trishūla), mace (Sanskrit: gadā), lotus (Sanskrit: Padma) and a spear (Sanskrit: shūla). His mount (Sanskrit: vahana) is a ram. He presides over 'Mangala-varam' (Tuesday)
BirthOnce when Lord Shiva was engrossed in deep meditation (Sansrit: samādhi) upon his abode, Mount Kailash, three drops of perspiration originated from his forehead and fell down on the earth. From those drops manifested a very beautiful infant, who was of reddish complexion and who had four arms.
The child was handed over to the earth goddess, Bhumi for upbringing by Lord Shiva. The child was named Bhauma as he was nurtured and brought up by 'Bhumi' (earth).
When Bhauma grew up, he went to Kashi and did a tremendous penance to please lord Shiva. Lord Shiva blessed him by granting him 'Mangala loka' (the Abode of Mangala), which was superior even to the 'Shukra loka' (the Abode of the god of Venus - Shukra). The same Bhauma is established in the solar system by the name of Mangala (planet Mars).
In Astrologyn Vedic astrology Mangala is considered a malefic of the first order. He rules over the signs Mesha (Aries) and Vrishchika (Scorpio), is exalted in Makara (Capricorn) and has his fall in Karka (Cancer). The Sun, Moon and Jupiter are all considered friendly to him, while he is hostile to Mercury. Venus and Saturn are neutral. Mangala represents drive and physical energy, self-confidence and ego, strength, anger, impulsiveness, heroism and adventurous nature. Mangala rules over blood, muscles and bone marrow. He is associated with battle, war and soldiers.
Mangala is the lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Mrigashīrsha, Chitra and Shravishtha or Dhanista. Mangala has the following associations: the color red, the metal brass and gemstone red coral. His element is fire, direction is south, season is summer.
People born with strong Mars in their birth charts are skillful in the fields of investigation, weaponry, surgery, chemistry etc. They have magnetic personality and commanding attitude. They can invoke fear among the fellow workers. They are so focused on achieving targets and meeting deadlines that they forget everything else in their lives. Afflicted Mars can encourage a person in forging crooked deals and unlawful alliances. People with such placement of Mars can be easily drawn towards terrorism or criminality. Treachery and trickery are common personality traits among the people with afflicted Mars in their birth charts.
In Hindu mythology, Budha (Sanskrit: बुध, Malayalam : ബുധന്, Kannada: ಬುಧ, Tamil: புதன்) is the name for the planet Mercury, a son of Chandra (the moon) with Tara or Rohini. He is also the god of merchandise and protector of Merchants.
He is represented as being mild, eloquent, and having a greenish complexion. He is represented holding a scimitar, a club and a shield, riding a winged lion in Ramghur temple. In other illustrations, he holds a sceptre and lotus and rides a carpet or an eagle or a chariot drawn by lions
Budha presides over 'Budhavara' or Wednesday. In modern Hindi, Urdu, Telugu, Bengali, Marathi, Kannada and Gujarati, Wednesday is called Budhavara; Tamil: Budhan kizhamai; Malayalam: Budhanazhcha; Thai: Wan Phut (วันพุธ).
Budha married Ila, the daughter of Vaivasvata Manu and fathered a son Pururava.
Birth of BudhaChandra was a student with Brihaspati, the Teacher of devas. Tara was the wife of Brihaspati. Tara fell in love with the beauty of Chandra and started living with him, deserting Brihaspati. When Brihaspati asked her to come back, she refused. Brihaspati became angry, and a war eventually started between Chandra and Brihaspati. Sukracharya, the teacher of the Asuras, joined Chandra in the battle, while The devas joined Brihaspati. As the battle was due to desire (kama) for Tara, it was known as Tarakaamayam. Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe, feared the war might abolish the world. Hence, he came down and stopped the war. He convinced Tara, took her away from Chandra, and gave her back to Brihaspati. Budha, a beautiful child, was born to Tara. Both Brihaspati and Chandra claimed to be the father of Budha, but Tara kept silent. Budha himself got angry over this tussle and asked his mother to tell the truth. Tara said that Chandra was the father of Budha.
Growth of BudhaChandra gives the child Budha to Rohini and Krittika, two of his wives, to raise. Budha grows up under supervision of Rohini and Krittika. As he grows up, he feels angry and ashamed about his birth. He wants to rectify the sin of his birth and hence goes to Saravanavana in the Himalayas to do Tapas. Vishnu, pleased with the tapas, shows up to Budha. By Vishnu's blessings Budha learns all the Vedas and arts. However according to another version, Budha was raised by Brihaspati and is thus called his son.
Temples of BudhaThiruvenkadu in Tamil Nadu which houses the Navagraha temple has a shrine for Budha in the northern end of the Brahmavidyambhika Temple.
In AstrologyIn Vedic astrology Budha is considered a benefic, unless he is joined with a malefic planet, in which case he becomes malefic also. Mercury rules over Mithuna (Gemini) and Kanya (Virgo), is exalted in Kanya and in his fall in Meena (Pisces). Budha is friendly with Saturn and Venus, hostile to the Moon, Mars and Jupiter, and neutral towards the other planets. Budha represents intelligence, intellect, communication, analysis, the senses (especially the skin), science, mathematics, business, education and research. The written word and journeys of all types fall within his domain. Budha is lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Ashlesha, Jyeshtha, and Revati (nakshatra). Budha has the following associations: the color green, the metal brass and gemstone emerald. The direction associated with Budha is north, the season is autumn and the element is earth.
A person governed by strong and uninfluenced Mercury has keen intellect, good memory and sharp focus. He can be a shrewd bureaucrat or a successful businessman. People with well placed Mercury in their birth charts remain calm and cool among the distracting surroundings or circumstances and carry out their tasks efficiently. They are always ready with alternative solutions and sound suggestions. However, afflicted Mercury in one’s birth chart can make the native impractical and unrealistic. He can be a pseudo intellectual and argumentative person. He directs his energy in wrong direction to get recognition or attention and cheap
Bṛhaspati (Sanskrit: बृहस्पति, "lord of prayer or devotion", often written as Brihaspati or Bruhaspati) also known as Deva-guru (guru of the gods), is a Hindu god and a Vedic deity. He is considered the personification of piety and religion, and the chief 'offerer of prayers and sacrifices to the gods' (Sanskrit: Purohita), with whom he intercedes on behalf of humankind.
He is the guru of the Devas (gods) and the arch-nemesis of Shukracharya, the guru of the Danavas (demons). He is also known as Ganapati (leader of the group [of planets]), and Guru (teacher), the god of wisdom and eloquence, to whom various works are ascribed, such as the Barhaspatya sutras.
He is described as of yellow or golden color and holding the following divine attributes: a stick, a lotus and beads. He presides over 'Guru-var' or Thursday.
In astrology, Bṛhaspati is the regent of Jupiter and is often identified with the planet.
Bṛhaspati is the son of Rishi Angiras (according to the Rig Veda 4.40.1) and Surupa according to the Shiva Purana. He has two brothers named Utathya and Samvartana, and has three wives. His first wife, Shuba, gave birth to Bhanumati, Raaka, Archishmati, Mahamati, Mahishmati, Sinivali, and Havishmati, his seven daughters. His second wife, Tara, gave birth to seven sons and a daughter. Through Bṛahspati's third wife, Mamata, he had two sons, Kacha and Bharadwaja.
Bṛhaspati attained the position of preceptor of the Devas by performing penances on the banks of Prabhas Tirtha. Lord Shiva granted him this position, as well as his position as one of the Navagrahas (Nine Planets).
There is a wide debate whether Kacha was Bṛhaspati's offspring or his brother. But the Mahabharata states that Kacha was his brother. All Brahmins belonging to the Bharadwaja Gotra are believed to be his descendants.
In Jyotisha (Hindu astrology), Bṛhaspati is the name for the planet Jupiter, which is one of the Navagraha (the nine planets) . He is also known as Guru, Cura and Devaguru. Bṛhaspati is considered to be the most beneficial sign of any of the planets. Bṛhaspati rules over the signs Dhanu (Sagittarius) and Meena (Pisces), he is exalted in Karka (Cancer) and in his fall in Makara (Capricorn). The Sun, Moon and Mars are considered friendly to Bṛhaspati, Mercury is hostile and Saturn is neutral.
Bṛhaspati in Vedic astrology is considered to be of the element ether (space) or Akasha Tattva (i.e. Akasha = Space/Sky/Aether; Tattva = Essence/Category/Truth). This element indicates vastness, growth and expansion in a person's life. Bṛhaspati also represents the balance of past karma, religion, philosophy, knowledge and issues relating to offspring. He is concerned with education, teaching and the dispensation of knowledge. Humans with Jupiter dominating in their horoscope could grow fat as life progresses and their empire and prosperity increases; and diabetes is an ailment directly related to this sign. According to traditional Hindu astrology, worship or propitiation of Bṛhaspati or Guru (Jupiter) results in cure from ailments affecting the stomach and helps ward off sins.
Bṛhaspati is lord of three Nakshatras or lunar mansions: Punarvasu, Vishakha and Purva Bhadrapada. The following items are associated with Bṛhaspati: his color is yellow, his metal is gold, and his gemstones are yellow topaz and yellow sapphire. The season associated with him is winter, direction is north-east and his element is ether or space.
Dignified and well-disposed Jupiter in the birth chart makes a person agile, active and successful in life. People with strong Jupiter in their natal charts are candid and jovial. Their simplicity and morality win people’s hearts. They have tremendous faith in scriptures, teachings of elders and traditions. They work in the best interest of society and humanity. Even afflicted Jupiter in nativity does not encourage a person to perform immoral deeds. A person with weak Jupiter has all the virtues, but he may not have the strength or opportunity to express those virtues.
Facts on Brhaspati or Jupiter - Effects in the 12 HousesBrhaspati in the Ascendant/1st House
Jove or Brhaspti in the Ascendant makes one scholarly, beautiful, jovial. Jovian influence on the First House endows one with majestic appearance, magnetic personality, learning and wisdom. High longevity is conferred by Jovian presence in the First. Scholarship will grace in no uncertain measure. Will be respected by the multitude. Will be handsome and will have a high discriminative intellect.
Brhaspati in the 2nd House
In the second Jove bestows poetic faculties, handsomeness, wealth and fame. Will have the gift of the gab or the divine gift of articulate speech. Will speak beautifully. Will have scholarship and learning. The wisdom planet in the house of speech makes one scholarly.
Brhaspati in the 3rd House
Brhaspati in the 3rd makes one miserly and not an altruist. Will have to face many a defeat. Will have bad relations with brothers and sisters. Will be the subject of ridicule. Will have stomach problems.
Brhaspati in the 4th House
Jovian tenancy of the fourth makes one hedonistic with a lot of friends and relatives. Will be fortunate with respect to house. Your fame will cross the seas and spread all over the land. Will be of adamantine nature. Will enjoy all the comforts of life.
Brhaspati in the 5th House
High intelligence is conferred by the position of Jupiter in the fifth. Wealth will grace you in no uncertain measure. May be worried due to children. Will be versatile. Jupiter in one of the moral triangles can make one highly moral and spiritual.
Brhaspati in the 6th House
Brhaspati in the sixth is the destroyer of enemies. Will be lazy and physically weak. May resort to occult rites.
Brhaspati in the 7th House
Will be equivalent to a king as the royal planet of Wisdom becomes posited in a quadrant. Will destroy millions of afflictions. Will have high communication ability. Scholarly, a lover of poetry, handsome, will be more liberal than the father, famous with good life-partner and children-these are the effects of a benign Jove in the seventh.
Brhaspati in the 8th House
This adverse position of Jupiter makes one dependent on others, will do sinful acts, will have high longevity, will be well liked by all, will do jobs on behalf of others, will be highly determined & will be interested in base women.
Brhaspati in the 9th House
Jovian tenancy of the Ninth makes one highly spiritual. Will have devotion to preceptors, will be scholarly and well informed, will be of ministerial cadre, will be famous & will be highly moral and ethical.
Brhaspati in the 10th House
This benign position of Jupiter does not make well off in life. will have a difficult time in job.
Brhaspati in the 11th House
Jupiter well-posited in the eleventh makes one highly determined, scholarly with good longevity, with multiple streams of income, famous and with a lot of conveyances.
Brhaspati in the 12th House
In the adverse 12th, Jupiter makes one devoid of happiness, sons & fortune. Earlier wealth gets destroyed. Will be lacking in funds most of the time. Will be lazy and will lack proper education. Will be ridiculed by many. Will have dubious character.
Śani (Sanskrit: शनि, Kannada: ಶನಿ Śani, Tamil: சனி, Caṉi,Telugu: శని) is one of the Navagraha or Jyotiṣa (the nine primary celestial beings in Hindu astrology). Shani is embodied in the planet Saturn and is the Lord of Saturday. Shani is also known as Śanaiścara (शनैश्चर).
The word shani also denotes the seventh day or Saturday in most Indian languages. The word shani (शनि) comes from Śanayē Kramati Saḥ (शनये क्रमति सः), the one who moves slowly, because Saturn takes about 30 years to revolve around the Sun.
Shani is a deva and son of Surya and his wife Chhaya, hence also known as Chayyaputra. He is the elder brother of Yama, the Hindu god of death, who in some scriptures corresponds to the deliverance of justice. Surya's two sons Shani and Yama judge. Shani gives us the results of one's deeds through one's life through appropriate punishments and rewards; Yama grants the results of one's deeds after death.
It is said that when Shani opened his eyes as a baby for the very first time, the sun went into an eclipse, which clearly denotes the impact of Shani on astrological charts. He is known as the greatest teacher and well wisher for the righteous as well the greatest punisher for those who follow the path of evil, betrayal, backstabbing and unjust revenge. He is depicted dark in colour, clothed in black; holding a sword, arrows and two daggers and mounted on a crow, which is Shani's vāhana. As protector of property, Shani is able to repress the thieving tendencies of birds.
Shanaishchara and Emperor Dasharatha
Dasaratha, emperor of Ayodhya, challenged Lord Shanaishchara to a duel as he prepared to cross his empire bringing drought and poverty. Lord Shanaishchara extolled Dasaratha's virtues and replied to him that "I can't skip my duties but I'm pleased with your courage. Great sage Rishyasringa can help you. Wherever Rishyasringa lives, that country will have no drought and dryness." Dasaratha, after receiving the blessings from Lord Shanaishchara, wisely arranged for his daughter to marry Rishyasringa so that he is always present in Ayodhya.
Well placed Saturn in a birth chart can bestow immense luck and good qualities. People governed by the Saturn can attain highest success and become invincible, if they are ready to renounce material comforts and surrender to higher will. During the Main Dasa period of Saturn, if the native performs good deeds, respects elderly and donates a portion of his earnings to the poor and needy, Saturn gives immense wealth. Saturn is considered as the most malefic planet, but its wrath can be prevented by showing kindness towards helpless and poor, forgiving the wrong doers and giving up attachments towards materialistic possessions and comfort. Saturn bestows success and prosperity, if a person knows how to live like a Yogi by performing one’s duty sincerely and renouncing false attachments.
Prayers, chants, rituals
निलाञ्जन-समाभासं रवि-पुत्रं यमाग्रजम् ।
छाया-मार्ताण्ड-संभूतं तं नमामि शनैश्चरम् ॥
nilāñjana-samābhāsaṃ ravi-putraṃ yamāgrajam,
chāyā-mārtāṇḍa-saṃbhūtaṃ taṃ namāmi śanaiścaram.The Shanaishchara Mantra In Telugu:
నిలాంజన-సమాభాసం రవి-పుత్రం యమాగ్రజం ।
ఛాయా-మార్తాండ-సంభూతం తం నమామి శనైశ్చరం ॥Or
सूर्य-पुत्रो दीर्घ-देहो विशालाक्षः शिव-प्रियः ।
मन्द-चारः प्रसन्नात्मा पीडां हरतु मे शनिः ॥
sūrya-putro dīrgha-deho viśālākṣaḥ śiva-priyaḥ,
manda-cāraḥ prasannātmā pīḍāṃ haratu me śaniḥ.The Shanaishchara Mantra In Kannada:
ಮಂದಚಾರಃ-ಪ್ರಸನ್ನಾತ್ಮಾ-ಹರತುಮೇ-ಶನಿ:The Shanaishchara Mantra In Telugu:
సూర్య-పుత్రో దీర్ఘ-దేహో విశాలాక్షః శివ-ప్రియః ।
మన్ద-చారః ప్రసన్నాత్మా పీడాం హరతు మే శనిః ॥The Shanaishchara Mantra In Tamil:
Sangadangal Theerpai Shani Bagavane
Mangalam Ponga Manam Vaitharul Vai
Sacharavindri Saaga neriyil
Icchagam Vaazha Innarul Thaa Thaaசங்கடங்கள் தீர்ப்பாய் சனி பகவனே மங்களம் பொங்கa மனம் வைத்தருள்வாய் சச்சரவின்றி சாக நெறியில் இச்சகம் வாழ இன்னருள் தா தா
Complete Mantra (संपूर्ण शनी स्तोत्र):
ॐ निलान्जनम समाभासं रविपुत्रं यमाग्रजम।
छायामार्तंड संभूतं तं नमामि शनैश्चरम॥
ॐ शनैश्वराय नमः॥
सूर्य पुत्रो दीर्घ देहो विशालाक्षः शिवप्रियः।
मन्दचारः प्रसन्नात्मा पीडां हरतु मे शनिः॥
कोणस्थ पिंगलो ब्रभू कृष्णो रौद्रो दंतको यमः।
सौरिः शनैश्वरो मन्दः पिप्पालोद्तः संस्तुतः॥
एतानि दशनामानी प्रातः रुत्थाय य पठेतः।
शनैश्वर कृता पिडा न कदाचित भविष्यती॥
auṁ nilānjanama samābhāsaṁ raviputraṁ yamāgrajama,
chāyāmārtaṁḍa saṁbhūtaṁ taṁ namāmi śanaiścarama.
auṁ śanaiśvarāya namaḥ.
sūrya putro dīrgha deho viśālākṣaḥ śivapriyaḥ,
mandacāraḥ prasannātmā pīḍāṁ haratu me śaniḥ.
koṇastha piṁgalo brabhū kṛṣṇo raudro daṁtako yamaḥ,
sauriḥ śanaiśvaro mandaḥ pippālodtaḥ saṁstutaḥ.
etāni daśanāmānī prātaḥ rutthāya ya paṭhetaḥ,
śanaiśvara kṛtā piḍā na kadācita bhaviṣyatī.Pronouncible Chant:
Om Neelaanjanam Samabhasam Raviputram Yamagrajam|
Chayaamartand Sambhootam Tam Namaami Shanaischaram|| (Repeat Twice)
Om Shanaischaraay Namah|| (Repeat Twice)
Surya Putro Dheergh Deho Vishaalaakshah Shivapriyaah|
Mandacharah Prasannaatma Peedam Haratu Mein Shanih|| (Repeat Twice)
KoNasth Pingalo Prabhoo KrushiNo Roudro Dantako Yamah|
Sauriah Shanaischaro Mandah Pippaalodatah Samstutah|| (Repeat Twice)
Aetaani Dashanaamaanee Pratah Ruthaay Ya Patethah|
Shanaischar Krutaa Peeda Na Kadaachit Bhavishyati|| (Repeat Twice)According to the Vedic astrology, the bad effects of Saturn's transit may be mitigated by
Worship Mother Goddess Kali during dark moon
Worship Vishnu in the form of Lord Krishna and keep chanting 'Om Namo Narayanaya', or 'Hare Krishna Hare Krishna Krishna Krishna Hare Hare Hare Rama Hare Rama Rama Rama Hare Hare' or Sriram jayaram jayajayaram or Sriramajayam or 'Om Namo Bhagawate Vasudevaya'
Pray to Lord Hanuman (Anjaneya) in His Supreme Cosmic Form, which is the form in which he shook Shani Bhagavan off of his back and the form in which he received divine blessings and instructions from Surya, the Sun God.A common mantra for drawing the support of Shani Bhagavan is:
Om Sham Shanaischaryaye NamahSome devotees chant 'Om Sham Shanaischaryaye Namah' 108 times daily
A mantra for propitiating Shanaishchara:
Aum praang preeng proung sah Shanaye namahA mantra for praying to Shanidev is:
Neelaanjan samaabhaasam raviputram yamaagrajam, Chaayaa-maartandam-sambhootam, Tam namaami ShanaishcharamSaturn's shloka from Navagraha Sukta, according to vedic texts:
Om Shanno Devirabhishtaya Aapo Bhavantu Peetaye Shanyorbhisravantumah Shanaishcharaaya Namah
Temples and shrines
Thirunallar Shree Shanaishchara KoilThere are clusters of nine temples/shrines dedicated to the Navagrahas. One such cluster is located near the town Kumbakonam or Mayiladuthurai in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Lord Shani's shrine in this cluster is located at Tirunallar. It is a temple dedicated to Lord Darbaranyesvara, a form of Lord Shiva, in which Lord Shani is located in a niche in a wall. At this temple, Lord Shani is considered to be of benevolent nature. Tirunallar is close to Pondicherry, and is of paramount importance to Shanaishcharan. Millions of devotees visit this place to protect themselves from the effects of the transit of Saturn.
Believers consider Shani so powerful here that when a person who is suffering from Shani dasha comes here takes bath in the Nala Theertha and with their clothes wet goes and has darshan of Sri Shanaishchara, the ill effects which he is suffering through Shani dasha is sure to vanish or at least abate to some extent.
The legendary King Nala is said to have been relieved of his afflictions, which were due to the malefic influence of Saturn, after worship in this temple. Of the numerous tanks theertams, the Nala theertam is the most important one. By bathing here, it is believed that one is washed off all kinds of misfortune and afflictions. Jai Shani Dev
Shri Shani Mandir Wagholi Vasai, MaharashtraTruly Peaceful Place where god can think to reside, as the vastu of this temple is so pure you can feel it immediately as you enter this premises. The Temple is situated at Wagholi area near Nirmal very famous place for ancient Shiva temple; to reach here you can take auto or bus service from Vasai, Virar or Nalasopara Railway Station. For more information you can visit the official blog this temple on . Do visit with your family & friends.
Shani Devaalayam in DeonarThis temple called Shree Saneshwara Temple is situated east of the Shivaji statue at the junction of Chembur, Deonar, Govandi on (Mumbai-Pune-Bangalore) Eastern Express Highway. The presiding deity of this temple is Lord Shaneeswara: a beautiful, mighty, and imposing seven-foot-tall black statue. Many devotees who have Shani Dosham, or people who are passing through Shani maha dasha, throng the temple, for doing Tailabhishekam (Tailam means oil in Sanskrit, Telugu and Malayalam). Nuvvula Nune (in Telugu, Nuvvulu means Sesame; Nune means oil) and Ellenne (in Kannada, Ellu means sesame; enne means oil) is poured with utmost devotion on the head in a manner such that the oil covers the entire idol while flowing down.
Every Saturday evening, as soon as the priest gives Aarti, Lord Shaneeswara is said to descend upon the main priest. All of a sudden, the whole atmosphere in the temple changes. One can see and feel the charged atmosphere in the temple. There after the priest sits on a chair which has a seat made of very sharp, long iron nails pointing upwards. The foot rest and hand rest are also fully fitted with upward facing, sharp long iron nails. He sits on the chair without any discomfort. Thereafter the devotees sit in silence in front of 'swami.' They are asked to bring and keep a pair of yellow lemons in their hands, waiting for their turn. Swami signals one by one by turn, to come near to him. People place the pair of yellow lemon in front of him. He listens patiently to their problems, agony, or distress or whatever they say. Then he explains the reason/cause of their agony/problem/distress. It could be 'Prarabdham', consequences of their past karmas (deeds) which are carried over to present janma, which means "life" in Sanskrit, Telugu, Kannada and Malayalam. Or as Swami explains, their problems could be the result of actions/deeds of his or her present birth itself. In some cases it could be handy work of Vamachara Tantra (black magic) by their enemies and ill-wishers. There are other types of cases where it is believed that Aatmas (spirits) of the deceased have occupied the sufferer's body causing misery and trouble. 'Swami' listens to them all with apt attention with closed eyes and intent silence and offers them Prakshalana, or "cleansing" Praayaschitam (Sanskrit and Telugu), or "repentance" through procedures such as yagna, pooja, dana, abstinence, etc. Thousands have claimed that their prayers have been answered by "Shaneeswara" through 'Swami'.
In the premises of this Shani temple, navagraha mandapam is also there apart from Hanuman, Jagadeeswara, Saibaba and Mata deities. The Sanctum Sanctorum has a very tall imposing murthy of Lord Shaneeswara along with Jestha Devi. To his left is Hanuman and to his right is Jagadeeswara Swami.
Shani ShingnapurAnother important Shrine for Lord Shani is in Shani Shingnapur, Maharashtra, India. is located half-way between Shirdi and Aurangabad. The deity here is "Swayambhu" (Sanskrit: self-evolved deity) that is self emerged from earth in form of black but imposing stone. Though no one knows the exact period, it is believed that the Swayambhu Shanaishwara statue was found from times immemorial by shepherds of the then local hamlet. It is believed to be in existence at least since Kali yuga.
The story of the swayambhu statue handed down from generations through word of mouth, goes something like this: When the Shepherd touched the stone with a pointed rod, the stone started bleeding. The shepherds were astounded. Soon the whole village gathered around to watch the miracle. On that night Lord Shanaishwara appeared in the dream of the most devoted and pious of the shepherds.
He told the shepherd that he is "Shanaishwara". He also told that the unique looking black stone is his swayambhu form. The shepherd prayed and asked the lord whether he should construct a temple for him. To this, Lord Shani Mahatma said there is no need for a roof as the whole sky is his roof and he preferred to be under open sky. He asked the shephered to do daily pooja and 'Tailabhisheka' every Saturday without fail. He also promised the whole hamlet will have no fear of dacoits or burglars or thieves.
So, Lord Shanaishwara can be seen even today, in the open yard without any roof above. To this day, there are no doors for any houses, shops, temples. It is to be seen to believe that even post office has no door, not to speak of locks. Due to the fear of Lord Shani, none of the structures, be it dwelling houses, huts, shops, etc. situated within one kilometer radius of this Lord Shani temple have neither doors nor locks. No thievery or burglary ever occurred here in this hamlet called Shani Shingnapur. Some who have tried to steal have died vomiting blood within minutes of their act and before they could cross the boundary. Many others are said have received varied punishments such as long sickness, mental imbalance etc.
This Shani Shingnapur is visited daily by thousands of devotees praying for Lord Shaneswara's favour. The place is busiest on Saturdays. Shani Trayodasi is considered to be a favorite day for the lord. Similarly Saturday falling on 'Amavasya'(new moon day in Sanskrit and many other Indian languages) is considered to be a favorites day for the Lord Shanaishwara. Thousands of devotees seeking his blessings throng this temple in thousands.
Sri Shani Temple TitwalaSri Shani Temple at Titwala is situated near Titwala Ganesh Temple and Shri Swamy Samarth Matha. Prana Pratisthta of this temple was carried out on May 29, 2011. It is constructed by Sri Prahlad Trayambak Kanhore on his own compound. Once he thought of constructing a temple of Lord Shani Temple, but he had no place to build the temple. In a dream Lord Shaneshwara told him to build a temple in his own compound for the well wishers of Lord Shani's devotees.
Largest StatueA 20 feet tall statue of Lord Shani has been established at Yerdanur in Sangareddy (andhra pradesh) and by far is being considered as the largest statue of The Lord of Saturday. It has been carved of a monolith and weighs about nine tonnes.
Sri Kala Bhaireshwara Nilaya – Basavanagudi Bangalore Special poojas offered to Sri Saneeswara Bhagavan every Saturday. Devotee need to offer gingelly(seasam seed) oil and curd rice to the lord for Shani Shanthi on Saturday.
List of temples and shrines by State
- Sri Shani Skahti Dham Temple, largest 20 ft statue at Yerdanur is a small village located about four kilometres from the Mumbai National Highway surrounded by tribal people got itself a permanent place in the books of Andhra Pradesh and may be India - "The Hindu"
- Sri Shaniswar Devalayam,plot No. 35, Munaganoor,Hayatnagar mandal Hyderabad 501511, Mobile No. 93935 84460. Just 2 km from Hayatnagar Bus stand out-skirts of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
- Sri Mandeswara (Shaneeswara) Swamy Temple, Mandapalli, Kothapeta Mandal, East Godavari district
- Sri Saneeswaralayam, Veerannapalem, Parchur mandal, Prakasam District
- Sri Shaneeswara Temple, near Tirupathi bus stand, Tirupathi
- Lord Shani shwara Temple, Wargal, 50 km from Hyderabad, Kareemnagar Road
- Lord Shanishwara temple, Enkkatala,Mominpet Mandal,Ranga Reddy Dist.20KM from Shankarpally to Mominpet road,60 km From Hyderabad.Direct Bus from Dilsukhnagar and MGBS Towards Bantaram or Panchalingala
- Lord Shanishwara temple, Near Bus stand, Opposite to Park, Vijayawada
- Lord Shani Temple/Parwathi Parmeshwar Temple, Mandapur, Kondapur Mandal, Medak Dist. 15 km From Sangareddy X Road, 70 km From Hyderabad Cont. Head Priest Parmeshwar Swamy Mobile No. 91-9704971825
- Lord shanishwara temple & lord shiva temple at koppolu near pedda shakarampet, medak dist.
- Lord shanishwara temple, Nandiwademani village is located about 5 km from Bijinepalli, Nagarkarnool Mandal, Mahaboob Nagar Dist. about 35 km away from Mahaboob Nagar Town. This is the only Shani temple in the country having 7 ½ feet idol of the God. The idol has been istalled along with Jwestha Devi on a vehicle is a very attract
- Sri Shani Temple, Baba Kharak Singh Marg, Connaught Place, New Delhi
- Sri Shani Temple, Chattarpur, New Delhi
- Pracheen Durga and Shani Temple at Gautam Nagar near Gulmohar Enclave, New Delhi
- Sri Shani Temple, Hathla, Jamnagar District
- Kumbheshwar – Shri Sani Mandir (Nani Moti Panoti) at Jiorpati, Near Rajpipla, Narmada District)
- Shani Mandir, Padra Village, Vadodara District
- Shani Mandir, Jakatnaka (Near Palanpur Patia), Surat District
- Shani Mandir, Unava-Unjha Highway, Village - Unava, Ta.- Unjha, District Mehsana. North Gujarat.
- Sri Shaneeswara Temple, Kangra
- Sri Shani Mandir, Hinoo Chowk, Ranchi-2, Ranchi
- Sri Shani Mandir, Kishorganj Chowk, Bypass Road, Ranchi
- Bhagawan Shree Shaneshwara Swamy Temple situated in Sy no 2/15 of Thirupalya, Bommasandra Post, Jigani Hobli, Anekal Taluk, Bangalore Urban Dist, Karnataka - 560099.
- Shree ShaniMahatma Temple, Devasandhra, KR Puram, Bangalore- 560036 [Land Mark: Near to More Shop]
- Sree Shanimaharaj & Jai Hanuman Temple, Bayanapalya Thipsandra, Thalaghatapura post, Kanakapura Main Road, Bangalore 560062
- Shree Anugraha Shanishchara Temple, Manjunath Nagar, Near 8th Mile, Opp Parle Factory, Tumkur Highway, Bangalore
- Shree Shanaishchara Temple, near Old Airport, Sri Kateel Temple Road, Bajpe, Mangalore
- Sri Shani Dev Temple, DR Rajkumar Road, Near Navarang Theatre, Bangalore
- Sri Shani Dev Temple, Near Milk Colony, Subramanyanagar, Bangalore
- Sri Shani Dev Temple, Back Side of Banaglore City Railway, Bangalore
- Sri Shanaischara Temple, Ramurthy Nagar, Bangalore 3 temples in and around Ramoorthy Nagar
- Sri Shanaischara Temple, VijayaNagar, Chord Road, Bangalore
- Sri Shanaishchara Temple, Kanasawadi (Madhure), Near Nelamangala
- Sri Shanaishcara Temple, under Hebba flyover, Hebbal, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneshwara, J P Nagar, Bangalore
- Shree Shanaishchara Temple, 23 ft near Udupi Main road, Udupi
- Sri Shaneeswara Swamy Temple, Nagapura Main Road, Mahalakshmipuram, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneeswara Temple, Gunjur village, next to Varthur, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneeswara Temple, Kannanmangala village, next to Belthur, Whitefield, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneeswara Temple, near Savana Hotel, Whitefield, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneeswara Swamy Temple, Sultan Palya, Bangalore
- Sri Shani Mahatma Temple, Pavagada, Tumkur District
- Sri Shani Temple, Madivala, Bangalore
- Sri Shanimahatma Temple, Rajendra Nagar, Mysore
- Sri Shanimahatma Temple, Sayyajirao Road, Mysore
- Sri Shanimahatma Temple, Foot of Nandi Hills, Karnataka
- Sri Saneshwara Temple, Anekal, near Bangalore
- Sri Saneshwara Temple, Attibele, near Bangalore
- Sri Saneshwara Temple, Belthangadi, 2 km Dharmastala towards Mangalore
- Sri Shaneeswara Swamy Temple, near Karur Corss P.B. Road Davangere
- Sri Saneeshwara thandri devasthanam parandahalli KGF
- Sri Saneshwara thandri devalayam Bangarpet, KGF
- Sri Shanimahatma Temple, Thyagarajanagar, Bangalore
- Sri Shanimahatma Temple, Sajjan Rao Circle, V V Puram, Bangalore
- Sri Amrutha Shaneshwara Swamy Temple, Nagendra Block, Bangalore
- Sri Shaneshwara Swamy Temple, Muneshwara Block, Bangalore
- Sri Shanaishchara Temple, Handarahalli, on the way to Budigere, Bangalore
- Sri Sampath Shaneshwara Swamy Temple, near Sana College, P.B road, Hubli
- Sri Shaneshwara Swamy Temple, Someshwara Near SDM Engineering College Dharwad,
- Sri Kala Bhaireshwara Nilaya Basavangudi Bangalore – Phone 080-25922192 – Sri Vidyaragavan
- Sri Saneeswara Temple, Dombarahatti, near Kunigal, Tumkur dist, Karnataka
- Sri Shaneeshwara Temple, Beside TankBund, BH Road(NH-206), Arsikere, Hassan District
- Sri Shaneeswara Ksheathram and the Navagraha Peedam, Kuruppumthara, Kanjirathanam P.O.Kottayam District, Kerala This is unique and the only Kshetram in Kerala dedicated to Lord Shaneedev where he is a blessing God having Abhayahastham
- Sri Shani Mandir Tirth, Ujjain
- Sri Shani Mandir Juni, Indore
- Sri Shani Temple in Dist. Morena/Bhind, 27 km from Gwalior. This temple is said to have been constructed by Vikrmaditya.
- Shani Mandir Juni is one of the oldest temples in the world. Temple is located in old city and it is believed it appeared a few decades ago from a well in Juni.
- Shani Dev Temple,Shani Shinganapur.
- Mahakali Mandir, Chandrapur
- Shri Shani Mandir,Manas Square,Station Road, Nagpur
- Shri Shani Mandir Wagholi, Vasai Near Mumbai
- Shri Shani deva Hanunman mandir,kurla railway station,
- Sri Shani Temple, Titwala (E), near Titwala ganapati temple, "Sadguru Sauli" Nivas.
- Sri Shani Temple, Uttan, Bhayander (E)
- Sri Shani Temple, near Vithalwadi Rly Station, Kalyan
- Sri Shani Kshetra Model Tirth Nandur Bar
- Sri Shani Temple, Amalner, Chopada Road, Tal. Amalner, Dist. Jalgaon
- Sri Shani Kshetra Nastanpur
- Sri Shani Shingnapur, Nevasa, Ahmednagar district
- Sri Shani Temple, Juhu, Mumbai
- Sri Shani Temple, Meghwadi, Jogeshwari (E), Mumbai
- Sri Shani Temple, Near Railway Station Thane (W)
- Sri Shani and Hanuman Temple, Opp Thane Central Jail Thane (W)
- Sri Shani and Hanuman Temple, Next Thane Main Post Office Thane (W)
- Sri Shani Temple, Mandai Bhiwandi
- Sri Shani Temple, Manpada Road, Shankeshwar Nagar, Dombivli, Mumbai Shaneshwar Sansthan, Dombivli
- Sri Shani Temple, outside the Santacruz (W) BEST terminal, Mumbai
- Sri Shani Temple, Tagore Nagar, Vikhroli, Mumbai
- Sri Shaneeshwara Temple, Sanghani Estate, Ghatkopar (W), Mumbai
- Sri Shani Temple, Rakshasbhuvan, Ghat of Godavari River, Beed 431122, MS
- Sri Shani Mandir, Panchavati
- Sri Shani Temple,Shanipar,Bajirao Peshwe Marg, Pune
National Capital Territory of Delhi
- Sri Shani Temple, Bhubaneswar
- Sri Shani Tirth, Thirunallar
- Sri Shani Temple, Ramgarh, Rajasthan
- Sri Shani Temple, Sri Ganganagar, Rajasthan
- Sri Shani Temple, Hathi Pole, Udaipur, Rajasthan
- Sri Saneeswarar Temple, Adambakkam, Chennai
- Sri Vigneswara, Saneeswara, Panchamuga Anjaneyar Temple, West Mambalam, Chennai
- Sri Agastheeswaram, Pozhichalur, Chennai
- Thirunallar Shree Saneeswarar Koil, Thirunallar
- Sri Pongu Saneeswarar Koil, Thirukollikaadu near Tiruvarur
- Sri Saneeswarar Bhagawan Koil, Kuchanur, 20 km from Theni
- Sri Skandasramam, Saneeswarar Sannithi, Selayur, Chennai
- Sri Shani Temple, Sita Ashram Road, Chandausi
- Sri Shani Temple, Chunni Ganj, Kanpur
- Sri Shani Temple, Kokilavan, Kosi
- Sri Shani Temple, 13 km mile Stone Agra on NH2, Agra Mathura Road, Runkuta, Agra
- Sri Shani Temple, Dilshad Garden Border, Ghaziabad
- Sri Shani Temple, Near Gang Nahar Bridge, Merrut road, Modi Nagar, Ghaziabad
- Sri Shani Temple, Near Gang Towers, Ganga Nagar, Meerut
- Sri Shani Temple, At bank of Gomti River, Devraha ghat, Lucknow
- Sri Shani Temple, Old Hanuman Mandir (Near Yadav Loha Bhandar), Old Aliganj, Lucknow
- Sri Shani Temple, At Kusphara, VishvaNath Ganj, Pratapgarh
- Shani Dham, Vikasnagar (Near by Power Canal (an alley leads from Chakrata Road to the temple)), Dehradun
- Shani Temple at Kokila Wan Kosi Kalan (KOSI) Mathura road
n Hindu tradition, Rahu () is a cut-off head of an asura, that swallows the sun causing eclipses. He is depicted in art as a serpent with no body riding a chariot drawn by eight black horses. Rahu is one of the navagrahas (nine planets) in Vedic astrology. The Rahu kala (time of day under the influence of Rahu) is considered inauspicious.
According to legend, during the Samudra manthan, the asura Rahu drank some of the amrita (divine nectar). Sun and moon realized it and they alerted Mohini (the female avatar of Vishnu). Before the nectar could pass his throat, Mohini cut off his head. The head, however, remained immortal due to the effect of amrita and became Rahu. It is believed that this immortal head from time to time swallows the sun, causing eclipses. Then, the sun passes through the opening at the neck, ending the eclipse. The body also turned into Ketu due to a boon, and it in turn swallows the moon on timely basis to cause a lunar eclipse.
Astronomically, the Moon in its orbit, on a northerly course from South to North, crosses the ecliptic (the apparent path of Sun). This point of intersection is known as Rahu or "Dragon's head". 180 degrees away from this point, the Moon on its southerly course crosses the ecliptic. This point is called "the dragon’s tail" or Ketu.
Thus, Ketu and Rahu denote the points of intersection of the paths of the Sun and the Moon as they move around the celestial sphere. Therefore, Rahu and Ketu are respectively called the north and the south lunar nodes. The fact that eclipses occur when the Sun and the Moon are at one of these points is explained in stories as the swallowing of the Sun and the Moon by the demon snake.
Thus, Rahu and Ketu do not have physical identity but only mathematically calculated sensitive points. The Rahu and Ketu points are not stationary in space but have a mean motion of about 19 degrees and 30 minutes in a year. It means it takes about 18 years and 6 months to make a revolution around the Earth. This motion is retrograde. There is a concept of Mean Rahu and True Rahu. The ancient Hindu astrology takes the true position of Rahu and Ketu. It is unique in the sense that it was the first to have a dedicated name for these identified astronomical points that are helpful in deducing eclipses.
Rahu is a legendary master of deception who signifies cheaters, pleasure seekers, operators in foreign lands, drug dealers, poison dealers, insincere & immoral acts, etc. It is the significator of an irreligious person, an outcast, harsh speech, falsehoods, uncleanliness, abdominal ulcers, bones, and transmigration. Rahu is instrumental in strengthening one's power and converting even an enemy into a friend. In Buddhism Rahu is one of the krodhadevatas (lit: Anger divinities. i.e., a divinity having the attributes of anger and the like).
In ancient Tamil astrological scripts, Rahu was considered as incarnation of Shakthi (The female godess) and deitized as "Kali", "Bhadrakali". During the war, Shakthi (The female godess) defeated the evil forces and took an agressive form which was worshipped as "Kali" and her beasty state as "Rahu". It was considered, very hard to please "Rahu", but contrarily "Rahu" blesses with Great Boons and Good fortunes on her own. Great Scholar Mahakavi Kalidas was blessed by the Godess Kali (The deity form of Rahu) who became a great scholar and gave textual forms for vedas and wrote current day literatures. Great Scholar Tenali Ram, in Vijay nagar kingdom of late 14th centuries was another example. In general, people with aspects from "Rahu" will have soft corner for destitute women and tend to get easy support from women folks. Also "Rahu" had a great passion with Lord Shiva (The deity form of Sun) and their union lead to the offspring, which was Saturn.
In Vedic astrology Rahu is seen as an asura or demon who does his best to plunge any area of life he controls into chaos, mystery, and cruelty. He is associated with the world of material manifestation and worldly desire, as well as random, uncontrolled growth without wisdom or understanding.
Rahu is supposed to be a mighty and naughty child of Maya, and thus has a lot of dualities attached to its mayavi (illusory) nature. It relates to the Seventh Ray energy of esoteric astrology, as it represents a force displaying all the possibilities within the realm of existence.
Various names assigned to Rahu in Vedic texts—the chief, the advisor of the demons, the minister of the demons, ever-angry, the tormentor, bitter enemy of the luminaries, lord of illusions, one who frightens the Sun, the one who makes the Moon lustreless, the peacemaker, the immortal (having drunk the divine nectar), bestower of prosperity and wealth and ultimate knowledge—give a clue to its basic energy and attributes.
Rahu can be considered the expert among the planets when it comes to scheming and plotting. It is the master of manipulation.
The astrological text Lal Kitab makes an interesting point that if Jupiter and Venus are conjunct in a chart, they can together be treated as Rahu. This relates to the fact that Rahu acts as a bridge between Jupiter, the preceptor of the gods, and Venus, the preceptor of the demons.
Mining of petroleum also falls under the significations of Rahu according to Vedic astrology. Snake charmers and all other people whose lives are very much entwined with that of reptiles and snakes could be said to be under a heavy influence of Rahu.
Rahu governs all sorts of poisonous chemicals like fertilizers, pesticides, and disinfectants that are in use in the present times. It also governs all the substances with a strong pungent smell like sulfur dioxide gas. In other words, Rahu has a role to play whenever a poisonous substance is involved.
There is no equal to Rahu when it comes to giving upliftment in name and fame or sudden luck at gambling, which is probably the reason why Western astrologers regard it as the greatest benefic force.[original research?] The area in which this success is attained usually relates to the significations of the house Rahu is placed in. All the electric lights that illuminate our world in the nighttime can be said to be associated with Rahu. Rahu is known as the "artificial sun," which is fitting considering the introduction of electric lights, adding to the illusion and glamour of modern times. Rahu has in a way created its own artificial sun for its favoured time, the night.
Rahu's rulership, exaltation, debilitation, and mulatriko?a are topics of controversy, as many views abound as to the sign that Rahu rules. The Western system refuses to assign Rahu the rulership of any sign. In Vedic astrology, different systems assign Rahu different signs regarding rulership, exaltation, and debilitation. In establishing the rulership, exaltation, and debilitation signs of Rahu, its relationship with other planets may be considered: Rahu is friends with Ketu, Saturn, Mercury and Venus. It is the enemy of Sun, Moon, Mars, and Jupiter. It is important to note that Rahu is more inimical to the Sun as compared to the Moon.
Rahu is lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Ardra, Svati and Shatabhisha. Rahu is associated with the following: its color is smoky, metal is lead, and its gemstone is honey-colored hessonite. Its element is air and its direction is southwest.
Worship of RahuThere is a dedicated temple to Rahu - Naganatha Temple at Thirunageswaram, Tamil Nadu, India. There is a milk abhishekam everyday during Rahu Kaalam to appease Rahu. The milk turns light blue when it flows down after touching the statue of Rahu. This practice has been followed for over 1,500 years.
Rahu is also worshipped along with the other 9 planets in all Hindu temples in Burma. The navagraha deities, featuring nine planets, exist in the Ganesh Temple in Mandalay, Myanmar, and also in the courtyard of the South Indian temple in Silom, Thailand. One complex of this nature, featuring statues of all nine planets, also exists in the Bhairav Mahadev Sthan in Gyaneswor, Kathmandu, Nepal. Phra Rahu, as he is called in Thailand, is worshipped in Wat Traimet in Chinatown, Bangkok, and also in Wat Yannawa, amongst other wats.
In Thailand, the most famous temple for Phra Rahu worshipping is at Nakon Pathom province, a temple called Wat Sisathong.
Rahu is also worshiped by Dusadh (Paswan) Caste found in Bihar. A very hard prayer of three days without food is offered by devotees. The bhagat (Priest) help him in prayer by standing on ladder made up of sword and by fire-offering at which the bhagat walks through the fire. The ritual is being clearly a device to secure abundance of sunlight and prosperity by the community.
RemediesAnts are also one of the favoured species of Rahu. In some parts of India feeding ants is considered one of the ways of propitiating Rahu.
In Thailand, people offer a plate of black offering—black coffee, black Coke, black beans, black biscuits amongst other items to propitiate Phra Rahu, whom they hold in very high regard. There is a shrine for Phra Rahu in Wat Traimet near Chinatown in Bangkok.
The other Phra Rahu statue is in the Wat Yannawa, near the Saphan Taksin sky train station. A glass fish-bowl filled with white sugar balls on which ants are fed continuously is also kept in Thai businesses.
In Burma, there are shrines of the nine planets in most Hindu temples, and puja ceremonies to propitiate all nine planets occur regularly on holy days.
Rahu dan in remedial astrologyArticles for donation: mustard, radishes, blankets, sesame, lead, saffron, satnaja (a mixture of seven grains), and coal. The time to donate is Sunday morning. These articles are to be donated by a person facing the evil effects of Rahu, or if Rahu is not in a good position in one's horoscope.
Rahu Mantra"Om Bhram Bhreem Bhroum Sah Rahave Namah", 18000 times in 40 days.
"Om Rang Rahuve Namah Om", repeat 270 times for 40 days to get paranormal powers.
Hanuman and Rahu
On another occasion, during the Ramayana war, Ravana imprisoned the Navagrahas. Hanuman arrived and released them. They were grateful to Hanuman, saying "people devoted to you are blessed by us too." All the grahas thanked Hanuman individually for releasing them. Thus, it is believed that Rahu's negative influence will be subdued when one worships Lord Hanuman.
BuddhismRahu is mentioned explicitly in a pair of scriptures from the Samyutta Nikaya of the Pali Canon. In the Candima Sutta and the Suriya Sutta, Rahu attacks Chandra the moon deity and Suriya the sun deity before being compelled to release them by their recitation of a brief stanza conveying their reverence for the Buddha. The Buddha responds by enjoining Rahu to release them, which Rahu does rather than have his "head split into seven pieces". The verses recited by the two celestial deities and the Buddha have since been incorporated into Buddhist liturgy as protective verses (paritta) recited by monks as prayers of protection.
In the Tibetan Buddhist tradition, Rahu (or Rahula; Tib. gza) is considered to have been subjugated by Padmasambhava, becoming one of the principle protectors of the Dzogchen teachings, particularly the Longchen Nyingthik. He is usually depicted with nine heads and a thousand eyes all over his dark-colored body. In his four arms he holds a bow and arrow, and often a lasso and victory banner. He is wrathful in appearance, ablaze with fire, and his lower body has the form of a snake. Rahula is a sa, a class of deities associated with the heavenly bodies.
Ketu (Sanskrit: केतु, IAST: Ketú) () is the descending lunar node. 'Ketu' is said to be the body of Rahu, after the head of the asura was cut off by God Vishnu. In Hindu mythology, Ketu is generally referred to as a "shadow" planet. It is believed to have a tremendous impact on human lives and also the whole creation. In some special circumstances it helps someone achieve the zenith of fame. Ketu is often depicted with a gem or star on his head signifying a mystery light.
Astronomically, Ketu and Rahu denote the points of intersection of the paths of the Sun and the Moon as they move on the celestial sphere. Therefore, Rahu and Ketu are respectively called the north and the south lunar nodes. The fact that eclipses occur when the Sun and the Moon are at one of these points gives rise to the myth of the swallowing of the Sun and the Moon by the demon snake.
In ancient Tamil astrological scripts, Ketu was considered as incarnation of Indira (The head of Devas).During a war with Asuras, Indira was defeated and took a passive form and a subtle state as "Ketu". It was the time, Indira spent realizing his past mistakes, failures and that lead to spirituality towards Lord Shiva. It was considered, "Ketu" being responsible for Moktcha (Liberation of Soul), Sanyasa ( Give away material comfort), Self Realization, Gnana (Fore-seeing future), Wavering nature, Restlessness, Endocrine system and Slender physique. People with good aspects from "Ketu" were Great Doctors, Priests, Thinkers, Movie stars and Social workers. Though these people with good aspects of "Ketu" attain great heights, but they tend to be mentally detached, would not get material pleasure and joy through their great heights in social life. Gandhi and Buddha were some examples.
AstrologyIn Hindu astrology Ketu represents karmic collections both good and bad, spirituality and supernatural influences. Ketu is associated with the Meena Avatar (Fish Incarnation) of Vishnu. Ketu signifies the spiritual process of the refinement of materialization to spirit and is considered both malefic and benefic, as it causes sorrow and loss, and yet at the same time turns the individual to God. In other words, it causes material loss in order to force a more spiritual outlook in the person. Ketu is a karaka or indicator of intelligence, wisdom, non-attachment, fantasy, penetrating insight, derangement, and psychic abilities. Ketu is believed to bring prosperity to the devotee's family, removes the effects of snakebite and illness arising out of poisons. He grants good health, wealth and cattle to his devotees. Ketu is the lord of three nakshatras or lunar mansions: Ashvini, Magha and Mula.
The people who come under the influence of Ketu can achieve great heights, most of them spiritual.
In his wife Siḿhikā, Vipracitti begot one hundred and one sons, of whom the eldest is Rāhu and the others are the one hundred Ketus.
Articles of Donation
Timings to Donate
Copper, ruby, red clothes or flowers, sandalwood wood, khandsari, saffron
At sunrise on Sunday
Rice, milk, silver, pearl, curd, misri, white cloth flowers or sandal wood
On Monday evening
Copper, wheat, ghee, red cloth, flower, sandal wood, dal masoor
On Tuesday, within 48 min. before sunset
Ivory, sugar, green cloth, flower, moong, camphor, turpentine oil
On Wednesday within 2 hrs. before sunset
Gold, topaz, ruby, gram dal, salt, turmeric, gur, brown sugar, laddoos
On Thursday evening
Ghee, camphor, curd, silver, rice, sugar, white cloth flower or cow
On Friday at sunrise
Iron, black nails, cloth, flowers,mash dal, musk, black cow or horse
At noon on Saturday
Sarson, mooli, blanket, til, lead, saffron, satnaja(mixed seven grains), coal
On Sunday morning
Til, gold, musk, blanket (black or white), Sugar, lead, saffron, satnaja(mixed seven grains),part of food to black-white dog
On Sunday morning
Om Tat Sat
(My humble salutations to the great devotees , wikisources and Pilgrimage tourist guide for the collection )