Holy Pilgrimage – Temples in Bhubaneswar, Odisha (Orissa) State -7












































































































Holy Pilgrimage – Temples in Odisha (Orissa) State











Lokanath Siva Temple

 

Present Name- Lokanath Siva Temple (15th century.) Address: Tala Bazar Road, Old Town, Bhubaneswar.
Approach: Lokanath Siva Temple is located on the right side of the Tala Bazar Road leading from KedarGouri lane to Lingaraja Temple and as the eastern embracement of the Bindusagar Tank. The temple is facing towards south and the presiding deity is a Siva lingam at the center of a circular yonipitha. The cella measures 1.20 square metres.
Gunanidhi Panda is the chief priest of this temple.

Physical description

The temple is surrounded by Tala Bazar Road in the east, Bindu Sagar Lake in the west.The temple is facing towards east.

 

Lokanatha Siva Temple

Lokanatha Siva Temple also Amunha Deula is an 11th-century AD temple in Bhubaneswar (Lat.20°14’26”N.,Long.85°50’05”E., Elev.71 ft) in the state of Orissa, India. It represents a proto type of Lingaraja in a miniature form. Lokanatha Siva temple is located in front of the Lingaraja temple in the south eastern corner across the road and adjacent to Lingaraja Temple Police Station in Old Town, Bhubaneswar. Until 1972 the temple was buried from all sides up to the bandhana portion, giving an impression as if the temple had no entrance. Hence people called it Amuha deula. In 1972 Debala Mitra conducted an excavation in front of the northern wall and exposed the entrance. The sanctum was empty. However, on the basis of the local traditions and the sculptural embellishment on the outer wall it was ascribed to Lord Siva. It is now known both as Lokanatha Siva and Amuha deula. People ascribe the temple to the Kesharis (Somavamsis). Except the entrance all other sides it is buried up to the bandhana.
Currently the temple is abandoned and in a very bad state of preservation. The structure is crumbling.it has not been well preserved.

 History

Architectural features suggests that it was built in the Somavamsi Period during the 11th Century A.D. It is considered to be a prototype of Lingaraja in a lesser scale may be earlier than Lingaraja as a modest experimentation before conceiving the gigantic and grand Lingaraja.

Physical Description

The temple is surrounded by Lingaraja police station compound wall in north and east, residential buildings in south and orth-west corner and office of the Lingaraja Temple Administration in the west. The temple is facing towards north.

Loknath Siva Temple

Lokanath Siva Temple is a temple in Bhubaneswar.

 Approach

Lokanath Siva Temple (Approximate date: 15th century) is located on the right side of the Tala Bazar Road leading from KedarGouri lane to Lingaraja Temple and as the eastern embracement of the Bindusagar Tank. The temple is facing towards south and the presiding deity is a Siva lingam at the center of a circular yonipitha. The cella measures 1.20 square mtrs. It is a living temple. Gunanidhi Panda is the chief priest of this temple.
Address: Tala Bazar Road, Old Town, Bhubaneswar.

 

Madneswar Siva Temple, Bhubaneswar

Madanesvara Siva Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Siva built around 12th century CE. It is situated on the left side of the Mahavir Lane branching from Garage Chowk in Santarapur to Sisupalgarh. The enshrined deity is a Siva lingam within a circular yonipitha(basement). It is a broken shrine, and at present, only the Pabhaga portion is available.

Architecture and structure

The temple is surrounded by residential buildings on three sides of north, west and east and the road in the south. The temple faces east and has a square sanctum. The superstructure has collapsed since long and the renovated pabhaga with five mouldings which include khura, kumbha, pata, kani and basanta is currently in existence.

 

Mangalesvara Siva Temple

Mangalesvara Siva Temple is a Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. It is located at Lat- 20◦ 14’ 38” N., Long- 85◦ 50’ 38” E., and at an elevation of 45 ft.

 Location

The temple is located in the precinct of the Papanasini River and on the southern embankment. The temple faces east and the enshrined deity is a circular yonipitha. The Lingam is absent. The temple is 1.60 metres below the present street level.
cultural functions such as Sankranti, Sivaratri and Jalabhiseka are performed.

History

The temple is public property. Taranisen Batu is the priest of this temple and its architectural features suggest that it was built in the 14th century AD

 

Mahakala-Mahakali Temple

Mahakala-Mahakali Temple was built around 11th century A.D. and is located at Latitude of- 20 degree 14’ 26” N., Longitude of- 85 degree 50’ 05” E and Elevation of- 71 ft. It is situatedted beyond the eastern compound wall of Lingaraja temple on the right side of the temple road leading to Hatasahi, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is a shrine without a superstructure. The presiding deity is a Siva-lingam within a square yonipitha at a depth of 4.00 mtrs below the present ground level. The shrine with stone walls is open to the sky. Close to the main deity is another small Siva lingam within another yonipitha which is known as Mahakali, while the central lingam is known as Mahakala. .According to the local tradition they are the parents of Lord Lingaraja.

 

Mangala Temple

 

Mangala Temple was built around the 19th century A.D. and is located in the Harizan Sahi, Village Patia, in Bhubaneswar. The enshrined deity is a four-armed Mangala. The deity holds a conch in her upper right hand, a wheel in lower left hand, varadamudra in upper left hand and lower right hand is in abhaya mudra. The deity stands on a pedestal. The temple is maintained by the locals of Harijan sahi.

 Surrounding

The temple is surrounded by a concrete hall in east and residential buildings in the rest three sides of west, north and south.

 

Manibhadresvara Siva Temple – I

Manibhadresvara Siva temple is located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India.
It was built around 14th century A.D. and is located at Latitude of 20 degree 14’ 45” N., Longitude of 85 degree 50’ 14” E.,and Elevation of 55 ft and is situated in the eastern embankment of Bindusagar tank. It is on the right side of the road branching from Kedara-Gouri to Lingaraja temple. The enshrined deity is a Siva-lingam within a circular yoni pitha at the centre of sanctum. The temple is facing towards north.

 Manibhadresvara Temple – II

Manibhadresvara Temple – II is an abandoned Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. Its elevation is 74 feet (23 m).

Location

It is situated on the left side of the Rath Road branching from Mausima (Ramesvara) temple to Badheibanka Chowk. The temple now stands on private land.

History

It is privately owned by Rabindra Kumar Paramaguru. Its architectural features indicate that it was formed in the 8th century.

Markandeshwar Siva Temple

 

Markandesvara Siva Temple was constructed by Kesaris to commemorate the visit of sage Markandeya. Same as the Samesvara Siva temple. It is an abandoned temple and is facing towards the east. However at the center of the sanctum there is a Siva-lingam with the circular Yoni pitha. The temple is totally covered with wild vegetations.

 Address & Approach

Same as the Samesvara Siva temple. It is an abandoned temple and is facing towards the east. However at the center of the sanctum there is a Siva-lingam with the circular Yoni pitha. The temple is totally covered with wild vegetations.

Muktesvara deula

Muktesvara deula is a 10th century Hindu temple dedicated to Shiva located in Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India. The temple dates back to 970 CE and is a monument of importance in the study of the development of Hindu temples in Orissa. The stylistic development the Mukteswara marks the culmination of all earlier developments, and initiates a period of experiment which continues for an entire century, as seen in such temples as the Rajarani Temple and Lingaraj temple, both located in Bhubaneswar.

History

The Muktesvara temple is found to be the earliest work from the Somvamsi period. Most scholars believe the temple is the successor to Parsurameswar Temple and built earlier to the Brahmeswara Temple (1060 CE). Percy Brown puts the date of construction the temple to 950 CE. The presence of torana, which is not part of any other temple in the region makes this temple unique and some of the representations indicate the builders were starters of a new culture.  The Somavamsi king Yayati I contributed to the building of the temple.

 

Religious significance

Muktesvara means "Lord of Freedom". The temple is dedicated to Hindu god Shiva.  There are a number of sculptures of skeletal ascetics in teaching or meditation poses. Some scholars correlate the role of the temple as a center for Tantric initiation with the name Muktesvara as a possible thesis.  The outer face of the compound wall has niches of Hindu deities like Saraswathi, Ganesha and Lakulisha (the fifth century founder of the Pashupata sect of tantric Saivism).  The numerous images of Lakulisha are found in miniature forms within Chaitya arches, showing various mudras like yoga, Bhumispara and vyakyana wit yogapatta tied to their knees. They are accompanied by the images of the disciples.  According to tradition, barren women give birth to sons if they take a dip in Madicha Kunda tank in the premises of the temple on the night before Ashokastami car festival. On the evening, the water in the tank is sold to the public.

In popular culture

The Department of Tourism of the state government organises a three day yearly dance function called Mukteswar Dance Festival in the temple premises. This festival celebrates the features of Odissi, the classical dance form of Orissa. Popular Odissi dancers perform during the function, accompanied by instruments like mardal. The event is webcast in the state government portal.

Nagesvara Temple, Bhubaneswar

 

Nagesvara Temple is an abandoned Hindu temple located in the village of Bhubaneswar. It is situated on the western right bank of the Lingaraja West Canal at a distance of 10.35 metres (34.0 ft) west of Subarnesvara Siva Temple, located across the canal.

 

Nakulesvara Siva Temple

Nakulesvara Siva Temple is located within the Bhimesvara temple precinct in the Kapilaprasad Housing Board colony, Bhimatangi, Bhubaneswar. It is situated on the left side of the Bhubaneswar, Jatani Road leading from the airport chowk to Jatni. The temple is facing west. The enshrining deity is a Siva lingam within a circular yonipitha made of laterite.

Narasimha Temple

Narasimha Temple is a 14-15th century AD temple in Bhubaneswar (Lat. 20° 14’ 71" N., Long. 85° 49’ 96" E., Elev. 67 ft t) in the state of Orissa, India. The time period of its construction is estimated from its architectural features. Its tradition and legends are same as the Gosagaresvara temple. It is situated in the precinct of Gosagaresvara on the southeastern side of Gosagaresvara Siva and Paradaresvara Siva temples. The presiding deity is a four armed Narasimha image seating on a pedestal. His upper left hand holding a conch, upper right hand holds a disk while in his major left and right hand are busy in killing the demon. The base of the pedestal is carved with series of females, in anjalii mudra. The cella measures 1.15 square metres and is facing towards west.
In the past, people used to worship in this temple. It is presently in use and worshiping is done even today

 

Nilakantha Siva Temple

Nilakantha Siva temple Nilakantha Siva temple is located in the Kharakhia Baidyanatha temple precinct, Kharakhia Vaidyanath Sahi, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. One can approach to this site on the left side of the Vaidyanath road leading from Lingaraja temple to Kapilesvara. This is a living temple and is facing towards the west. The enshrining deity of this temple is a Siva lingam within a circular yoni pitha at the centre of the sanctum sanatorium. The sanctum is 0.77 metres below the chandrasila.

 

Nilkantheswar Shiva Temple

 

Nilakanthesvara Shiva Temple is a temple in Orissa, India, located on the western embankment of the Bindusagar tank. It is situated on the left side of the lane branching from the road leading from Kedar Gouri chowk to the Vaitaa deua in Bhubaneswar, the capital state of Orissa. The temple faces east. The temple's enshrining deity is a circular yoni pitha with a chlorite Siva lingam. The temple is made out of sandstone. The present temple is a recent construction over the remains of an earlier one. The building material is old but the entire structure now has cement plaster and an enamel point.

 

Pabaneswara Temple

Pabanesvara Siva temple is situated at a distance of 100.00 metres east of Parasuramesvara temple on the left side of the road leading to Kedara-Gouri temples. The temple has a vimana with a renovated porch, facing towards east. The presiding deity is a Sivalingam within a circular yonipitha inside the sanctum. It is a living temple. The temple is surrounded by private residential buildings and market complex on three sides and the road on the south. The temple was rebuilt or renovated sometimes back as it appears from the second phase of building from above the pabhaga.

Name

Present Name: Pabanesvara Siva temple
Past Name:Daitesvara Siva temple

 

Papanasini Siva Temple


Papanasini Siva Temple is an abandoned Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa.

Location

The Papanasini Siva temple is located in the Papanasini precinct, Badheibanka Chowk, Old Town, Bhubaneswar, at an elevation of 45 feet (14 m). The temple faces towards the south. It is an abandoned temple and the sactum is empty. The temple is made of laterite.

History

It is a public property. Nobody is concerned about the monument. The monument is surviving on its own.
According to architectural features, this temple was built around the 14th-15th centuries

Paradaresvara Siva Temple


Paradaresvara Siva Temple is a 13th century AD temple in Bhubaneswar (Lat. 20° 14’ 71" N, Long. 85° 49’ 96" E, Elev. 67 ft.) in the state of Orissa, India. The time period of its construction is estimated from its architectural features and it suggests that the temple must belong to the ganga period. Paradaresvra Siva temple is situated in the Gosagaresvar temple precinct. It is located on the left side of Ratha road (leading from Mausima chowk to Badheibanka Chowk) old town, Bhubaneswar. It is located at a distance of 1 km west of Lingaraja temple and 1.00 k.m south of Ananta Vasudev, 300 metres south west of Ramesvara temple and 200 metres north west of Vaital temple . The temple is facing towards east .The presiding deity is only a circular yonipitha in the cella that measures 3.00 square metres. The lingam is missing.
In the past, people used to worship in this temple. It is presently in use and worshiping is done even today

Parsurameswar Temple


Parsurameswar Temple, located in Bhubaneshwar, Orissa, India, is the best preserved specimen of an early Hindu temple datable to the Sailodbhava period of the seventh and eighth centuries AD.  and is the finest testimonial to the architectural work of Vishwakarma Moharana sculptors[citation needed] Parsurameswar is dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is one of the oldest temples in Orissa. This temple, built about 650 AD, has all the main features of the pre-10th century Orissan style of architecture. Such elements such as the pine spire that curves up to a point over the sanctum housing the presiding deity, and the pyramid-covered hall where people sit and pray. Though small in size, with its deul rising abruptly to a height of 12.80m, it is one of the most sumptuously decorated temples of the early period. It is the only temple of the early period with a surviving Jagamohana

Description

The temple is ornamented with a bas-relief of processions of horses and elephant. Latticework covers the windows. In the temple courtyard there are more exotic carvings of Ganesha, the elephant God, and other deities.
On a corner of the temple compound is the exotically unique "Lingam of one thousand Lingas" shiva phallic symbol with 1,000 lingas engraved on it.
Other interesting carvings are those of Shiva throwing down king "Ravana," who is trying to uproot Mount Kailasa, the resting place of Lord Shiva.

Parvati Temple, Bhubaneswar

The Parvati Temple is a Hindu temple located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa.

 Location

The temple is located within the Orissa Municipal Corporation Hospital compound, Sriram Nagar, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. The east-facing temple, whose enshrined deity is the Goddess Parvatti, has been operational since construction.
Another significant Hindu place of worship, the Lingaraja temple, is nearby.

 

Paschimesvara Siva Temple

The Paschimesvara Siva Temple is located in Badu Sahi, Old town Bhubaneswar- the temple city of India. This temple dates back to the 8th century AD, and belongs to the Bhauma Epoch. The superstructure of the temple has collapsed since long. However, information about the temple can be gathered from the stylistic features of the detached sculptures of Karttikeya, Ganesa,Parvati and Narsimha. What is present now, is a lingam over a heap of stones.A flight of steps leading to the lingam from the west suggest that the temple originally faced the west.

 Location

It is situated on the south-western embankment of the Bindusagar lake, hence the locals call the shrine Paschim(meaning west)esvara Siva. The geographical coordinates of the temple are Lat-20°14'46, Long-85°50'02. The elevation is 61 ft.

 

Patalesvara Siva temple – I

 

Patalesvara Siva Temple – I is a temple dedicated to Lord Shiva, located in Old Town, Bhubaneswar.This temple dates back to 13th century, and belongs to the Ganga era. At present, this temple is situated inside the compound wall of a private residence.

Location

The geographical location of the temple is Lat-20° 14'48" N, Long 85°51'28" E. The elevation is 70 ft.Patalesvarasiva temp-I is situated on the left side of the Kedara-Gouri road (leading from Parsuramesvara temple to Bindusagar) at a distance of 200 m westof Parsuramesvara and 50.00 mtrs north-west of Champakesvara temple in Old Town, Bhubaneswar.

Patalesvara Siva Temple – II

Patalesvara Siva Temple – II is a Shiva temple located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa. This temple dates back to the 10th/11th century and is partly buried and broken.

 Location

Patalesvara Siva temple is located on the right side of the Talabazar road leading from Kedara-Gouri temple to Lingaraja temple.The geographical coordinates are Lat. 20°14’41” N., Long. 85° 50’ 06”E., The temple is an elevation of 75 ft.

Patalesvara Siva Temple – III

Patalesvara Siva Temple – III is a Siva temple located on the Mandir Chowk of Old Town, Bhubaneswar, Orissa. The temple dates back to 13th century AD.

Location

Patalesvara Siva Temple – III is situated on the left side of the Lingaraja temple eastern gateway and it is situated on the Mandir Chowk of Old Town area in Bhubaneswar. The temple is facing towards east and the presiding deity is a circular yonipitha with a Siva-lingam. The temple is made of sandstone. The sanctum is 2.59 m below the present road level which is provided with seventeen steps leading down the sanctum.

Purvesvara Siva Temple

Purvesvara Siva Temple is located in Kancha Sahi, in the Old Town of Bhubaneswar. It was built in 13th century AD. It is a living temple and now under the care of Purvesvara Temple Development Association.
It is 300 metres east of Lingaraja temple on the left side of the road leading to Garej chowk. The temple faces west. According to local tradition, the presiding deity is known as Purvesvara, as it is situated east of Lingaraja Temple. Other temples in the three directions are Uttartesvara (north), Barunesvara (south) and Paschimesvara (west).
The enshrining deity is a broken Lingam within a circular Yonipitha at the centre of the sanctum, which is 1.07 metres below the present ground level. Vimana is not ascertained due to the absence of superstructure; jagamohana is in pidha order. It was built in the mature phase of Orissa temple building. Various rituals are observed here such as Sivaratri, Sankranti and Rudraviseka.

Rajarani Temple

Rajarani Temple is an 11th century Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Siva located in Bhubaneswar, the capital city of Orissa, India. Originally it was known as Indreswara and serves as a shrine to Shiva. It is known as 'love temple', covered with coyly erotic carvings of women and couples. The temple is aesthetically endearing with its graceful sculptures.

The temple was constructed of dull red and turbid yellow sandstone locally called "Rajarani". The slightly projected entrance is flanked by round thick columns entwined by naga on the left. The 18m(55 ft) vimana (tower) is clustered by miniature towers with double crowning elements and appears round, like the towers of Khajuraho temples. The flat ribbed crowning amalaka and kalasa on the tower are surrounded by four squatting figures.

Peculiarity

The name of all Shiva temples in Bhubaneswar ends with 'Isvara' like Parasurameswara, Brahmesvara, Mitresvara. But Rajarani Temple bears a peculiar name and it contains no deity inside the temple. There are certain features of the temple which proves its Saivite (Lord Siva-oriented) origin like the presence of Saiva doorkeepers: Prachanda and Chanda, Dvarapla with jatamukha and a garland of skulls reaching up to and a snake

Ram Mandir, Bhubaneswar

Ram Mandir, in the heart of Bhubaneswar, near Kharavel Nagar, Janpath, is a temple housing beautiful images of Lord Rama, Lord Lakshman, and Goddess Sita. The high rising spire of the main temple visible from many parts of the capital city, is its main attraction. Built and managed by a private trust, the temple complex also comprises shrines devoted to ochre-painted marble idols of Lord Hanuman, Lord Shiva and other gods.

Festivals

Almost every festival of Hindus are celebrated around the year. Ram Navami, Vivaha Panchami, Janmashtami, Dussehra, Shivaratri, Pana Sankranti are the major ones. The magnificent Aarathi during morning and evening draws a lot of devotees. Annual fair is also organised here on the occasion of Raksha Bandhan or Rakhi.

Rameshwar Deula

The Rameshwar temple is very old temple in Bhubaneswar and known as the Mausi Maa  temple of Lingaraj Temple.It is located from 2 km distance from Lingaraj shrine.

Legend

Legend goes as when Rama was returning from Lanka after victory over Ravana,Goddess Sita asked to worship Shiva here.So Ramachandra built a Linga for that purpose. Traditionally during Ashokashtami,which falls one day before to Rama Navami in Chaitra Lord Lingaraja comes to this temple by a large chariot called Rukuna Rath and stays for four days.Historically the temple dates back to 9th century.

 

Sanisvara Siva Temple

Sanisvara Siva Temple is a Mandir situated at Gosagaresvara Precinct southern of Paradaresvara Siva Temple, Orissa, India. The temple is facing towards the east, enshrined deity is a circular Yoni Pitha at the center of a 1.00 square meter sanctum.

History

According to the local legend, during Ganga's rule around 14th-15th Century AD, Lord Siva has once killed a calf inadvertently. In order to cleanse sin of killing the calf, he had to take a bath in the Gosagaresvara pond and worship the lord Gosagaresvara. Thus the tradition began up to the present. People keep the practice of taking ritual bath in the temple tank and worship Gosagaresvara to cleanse the sin of killing cow.
This temple is once used as a worshiping shrine. But at present, people consider it as a public living temple and classified as Pidha Deul typology.

Significance

Its significance among Hindu devotee are cultural: the Shivaratri festival. One of the most important event is the visit of Lord Lingaraj during the Durga Puja festival. Social: this temple is not only popular site among soon to be couple for their marriage ceremony but also for thread ceremony, and etc. It is also significant among group of people such as association as public meetings are being held.

Location

The temple is located in Kapilaprasad, Khordha district, Bhubaneswar City, the capital of the Indian state of Orissa. It is surrounded by Paradaresvara Siva Temple in the north, Gosagaresvara tank in west, Minor Temple V in east and entrance gate is in the south.

 

Sankarananda Matha Burial Temple

Location- Lat. 20° 14’ 41” N, Long. 85° 50’ 06” E, Elev., 75 ft.
It is one of three such burial temples in the Sankarananda Matha precinct situated in the south-west corner at a distance of 50.00 metres from the matha building. It is located in the right side of the Ratha road leading from the Lingaraja temple to Ramesvara temple. The temple enshrines a Siva-lingam within a circular yonipitha. The temple has been erected over the burial of one of the Matha (Monastery) Mahantas in recognition of his religious merits and contribution to the society.

 Sarvatresvara Siva Temple

Sarvatresvar Siva temple is situated on the right side of Mahavir lane branching from Lewis road to Sisupalgarh. It enshrines a Siva-lingam within a circular yonipitha inside the sanctum. It is a living temple and Bibhuti Bhusan Das is the chief priest of the temple. As per the chief priest it is a Patalaphuta linga. The temple precinct is located on the right bank of the stream Gangua.
iii) Tradition & legends: The name of the deity Sarvartesvara implies as the lord of all the planes.

Significance

Historic significance: According to the local legend and the Chief priest the temple was constructed by Chedi ruler Kharavela who was ruling over Kalinga in the 1st century B.C.
Cultural significance: Various religious sacraments like jagara, Raja, Sankranti are observed here.
Social significance: Marriage ceremony, thread ceremony, birthday celebration and public meetings are also held.
Associational significance: Gada Mahavira Unnayana Parishada

Decorative features

The temple is plain because of the cement plaster and white wash. Door Jambs: The doorjambs measures 1.95 metres in height x 0.90 metres in width. Lintel: The architrave above the doorjamb measuring 1.20 metres in length is carved with navagrahas of recent make. Building material: Grey sand stone. Construction techniques: Ashlar masonry Style: Kalingan

 

Sivatirtha Matha, Old Town

Sivatirtha Matha a Hindu Matha (monastery) in the outskirts of old town of Bhubaneswar and is known for Chandan Yatra and Dola purnima. Dola Purnima is celebrated in the belief that Lord Lingaraja arrives to this Matha to take pankti bhogo (community lunch) on Dola Purnima.

Location

The matha faces east and is located in the Rathagada Chowk, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. One can approach this monastery on the right side of the Ratha road leading from Lingaraj temple to Mausima temple at a distance of 30 meters from the northern gateway of Lingaraja. The Endowment Commission took over the matha in 1970. The Matha belonged to Sankaracharya Sampradaya. The wooden logs used for preparing the chariot of Lord Lingaraj are consecrated here in the monastery before used by the carpenters.

Burial temples of Sivatirtha matha

The temples are located within the Matha precinct in the eastern end. The matha is situated in front of the northern entrance of Lingaraj temple across the Ratha road. There are thirteen burial temples arranged in one and half rows. In the rear row there are nine temples, of which four temples from the northern side have been encroached upon by a private compound wall. The temples on the south are partially buried. Of the four temples in the front row three are buried up to the gandi while the fourth one is buried up to the bada. The burial temples are square on plan. On elevation these temples are of pidha order having bada, gandi and mastaka. The gandi of these temples have three receding tiers.

Sukutesvara Temple

Sukutesvara Temple located in the old town of bhubaneswar serves as purpose for community gathering. The preceding deity in this temple is a Siva- lingam (Lord Shiva) situated at the centre. The temple observes various religious sacraments like Mahasivaratri, Chandipatha and Rudrabhisekha.

Location

i) Address & ii) Approach: The temple is situated behind the Lingaraja market complex, right side of the Ganges–Yamuna road branching from Gouri Sankara Temple. It is south west of the Ganges-Yamuna precinct, west of Lakshesvara. The presiding deity is a Siva-lingam at the centre of a circular yoni pitha. It is a living temple facing towards east.

Svapnesvara Siva Temple

Svapnesvara Siva temple is located in Gourinagar, Old Town, Bhubaneswar,the capital of Orissa, at a distance of 200.00 m northeast of Purvesvara Siva temple. The temple is facing towards east. The Sanctum of the temple is empty that measures 2.00 square m.

 

Talesvara Siva Temple

 

The Talesvara Siva temple is a Hindu temple in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. It is located in 20o latitude, 14’ 62” north. 85o longitude, 50’29” east, with an elevation of 52 feet.
It is a living temple, which means people use it for worshiping purposes. Its past use could not be ascertained as it was in ruins until the recent renovation

Location

Talesvara Siva Temple – I is situated on the left side of the Kedar Gouri road leading from the Parasuramesvara temple to the Vaital temple at a distance of 60 metres. North-east of Parasuramesvara temple in Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is 90 metres east of Kedargouri temple, 200 metres south of Anantavasudeva temple and 50 metres. west of Uttaresvara temple. The temple is facing towards east. The presiding deity is a Siva lingam with a circular Yoni pitha inside the sanctum, which is 0.20 metres below the chandrasila of the entrance doorway. The present shrine was entirely renovated in the past. The superstructure is non-existent. It is a living temple.

History

The temple is owned by a single private owner and it is presently look after by Sri Sudarsana Panda and his family members, his lives in Kedar Gouri chowk, Old Town, Bhubaneswar.
Because of the features like the graha architrave, which is carved with eight grahas; pabhaga with three mouldings of khura, kumbha, pata, which have archaic features it is believed that it was established in 8th century A.D.

Uttaresvara Siva Temple

Uttaresvara Siva Temple is a 12th century Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Siva located in Bhubaneswar, Orissa.

Location

Uttaresvara Siva temple is located within a precinct in the northern embankment of Bindusagar tank in the Nalamuhana Sahi, Kedara-Gouri Chowk, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. The enshrining deity in this temple is a Siva lingam within a circular yoni pitha at the centre of sanctum. The original temple has collapsed, as evident from the renovation work above the pabhaga and presence of cult images of earlier phase in different parts of the temple walls without conforming to the canonical prescriptions. It is the main temple within the precinct along with nine lesser shrines.

Tradition & legends

According to the local tradition, this temple is so named as it is located in the northern embankment of Bindusagar and north of Lingaraj temple. The temple is one of the four pithas; the other pithas are Yoga pitha at Kharakhia Baidyanath, Bhoga pitha at Lingaraj and Siddha Pitha at KedaraGouri temple. Similarly Uttaresvara was known as Tantra pitha.

Significance

Rituals like Nrusimha Janma (birthday), Durgastami, Kartika Purnima, Sivaratri are observed.

Bhimesvara Siva temple

 
Bhimesvara Siva temple is located within the Uttaresvara Siva temple precinct, in the northern embankment of Bindusagar tank. The enshrining deity of this temple is a Siva lingam within a circular yoni pitha at the centre of the sanctum. This is a living temple facing east. The temple has a square vimana with a modern concrete hall in front of the vimana serves as the jagamohana. Like Uttaresvara Siva temple this temple was also renovated from pabhaga portion. On elevation, the vimana is of rekha order having bada, gandi and mastaka. With threefold divisions of bada the temple has a trianga bada. The parsvadevata niches are located in the jangha portion on three sides. The western raha niche houses a beautiful four armed Kartikeya standing over a lotus pedestal. His lower left hand rests over a cock and lower right hand holding the beak of his mount peacock. He is holding a dambaru in his upper left and a trident in upper right hand. The northern raha niche houses a four armed Parvati standing over a lotus petal. The deity holds lotus in her lower left, akshamala in lower right, a staff in upper left and a nagapasa in upper right arm. The southern niche houses a four armed Ganesha standing over a lotus pedestal. He holds a rosary in lower right, Varadamudra in upper left, lower left hand rests over the parasu whereas upper left hand holds a broken tooth. All the parsva devatas(supplementary deities) in the niches are recent installations. The doorjamb is carved with three plain vertical bands. At the lalatabimba there is a Gajalaxmi seated on a lotus pedestal. The deity holds a lotus in her left arm and right hand is in Varada mudra.

Laterite Temple


The temple is located within the Uttaresvara Siva temple precinct. It is a dilapidated temple in the Uttaresvara Siva temple precinct. The temple is buried up to the bada portion. The temple as ascertained from the visible portion of the bada has a square pancharatha vimana(five chariot shrine).

Godavari Tank

Godavari Tank is located inside the precinct of the temple. It is on the northern embankment of Bindusagar tank in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India. The tank is enclosed by embankments made of dressed laterite blocks. The tank is a natural spring with an outlet channel leading into the Bindusagar. According to local tradition, after killing the demons Kirti and Basa goddess Parvati felt thirsty. In order to quench her thirst, Lord Siva struck his trident on earth where from a spring came out. In order to consecrate the water Siva invited all the river goddesses. Godavari could not come because of her menstrual cycle. On her absence Shiva cursed her that her water will be impure throughout except on the occasion of Kumbhamela when it would be most sacred for divinities and human being.

 

Yameshwar Temple

 

Yameshwar or Jameshwar Temple is a very old temple dedicated to Shiva being worshiped by Yama.It is situated in Bhubaneswar near Bharati Math,in Jameshwar Patna.

Festivals

The Jiuntia or Puajiutia festival which is also called Dwitvahana osha falling in Ashwin is very popular with this temple.Others being Shivaratri and Kartik Purnima.All Mondays and Sankramana days are important in this temple.People who visit this temple during Bharani nakshatra are said to be free from all miseries.

Suka Temple

Suka Temple is abandoned and not in use. The temple is devoted to saptaratha and the presence of female counterparts of the dikpalas in the upara jangha. This was built in the matured phase of temple building tradition of Orissa.

Location

Suka temple is located in the Sankarananda Street, Uttaradaraja Badu Sahi, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is situated on the southern embankment of Bindusagar tank at a distance of 50.00 metres. The temple is facing towards west. The temple is not in use but sculptural embellishments on the exterior walls of the temple suggest that the temple was originally dedicated to Lord Siva. Though the temple is architecturally and sculpturally sound, it is abandoned and not in use. The temple is 1.80 metres below the present ground level.

Decorative features

At the base of the gandi, there is a bigger rekha angasikhara whose mastaka is almost touching to the udyota simha in the raha paga. The gandi is decorated with chaitya motifs and scroll designs. In conjunction between Raha and anuratha paga, lotus designs are found in succession from baranda to beki. The temple is ten storied as distinguished by the ten bhumi-amlas in the kanika paga. Each bhumi has four bhumi barandis. Khura is decorated with stylized chaitya motifs and the other four mouldings of pabhaga are carved with scroll works. Beneath the raha niche tala garbhika of khakhara design are found which is flanked by naga-nagi pilasters on either sides. The raha niches are decorated with floral designs and two female figures on either sides of the niche. In the lintel niche, Gaja-lakshmi is seated in lalitasana. Architrave of the niche is decorated with a series of ducks. The raha niche is surmounted by a khakahra mundi which is decorated with series of lephants and scroll works. Kalasa above the khakhara mundi is crowned by a Gajakranta. Gandi is decorated with tiers and scroll work design. Tala jangha and upara jangha are decorated in the mundi niches. Bandhana has three mouldings and is decorated with scroll works and jali motifs. Gaja vyalas are found in the paga conjunctions of tala jangha. While in the tala jangha dikpalas are found on their respective mounts and attributes in the uppara jangha their female counter parts are depicted with usual iconographic features. Jagrata motifs are also found in the conjunction of vimana and frontal porch. In the beki, bekibhairavas are found right above the raha and do-pichha lions in the corners. Door Jamb: The door jambs measuring 2.00 metres x 1.45 metres have three vertical bands of puspa sakha, nara sakha and lata sakha from exterior to interior. At the lalatabimba, gaja-lakshmi is seated on padmasana. The dvarapala niches at the base of the jambs measuring 0.35 metres x 0.16 metres house Saivite dvarapalas holding trident in their left hand and right hand in varada mudra. Lintel: The architrave above the doorjambs measuring 2.13 metres in length is carved with the navagrahas. Ravi is holding lotus in his both hands, Rahu holding half moon and Ketu in serpent tail.

Somabara Mandapa (Vishnu Temple)


Vishnu Temple is located within the Kapilesvara temple precinct Kapilesvara village, Old Town, Bhubaneswar.It was built in the 15'th cwentury AD. The temple is facing towards east and the presiding deities of this temple are two Vishnu images, and the image of Jagannatha, Balabhadra, Subhadra and Buddha. The sanctum measures 2.10 square m. The temple is made of laterite stone.It is under the care of the Kapilesvara Temple Trust Board

Cultural significance

Janmastami, Radhastami, Dolapurnima etc.

Sundaresvara Siva Temple

Sundaresvara Siva temple is located in village Sundarpada, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is on the right side of the road leading from Lingaraj temple to Sundarpada. The enshrined deity is a circular yonipitha facing towards the north. The Siva lingam is absent. There are two entrances on the south-west and northwest corners provided with seven flights of steps leading down to the temple

Location-

Approach: Sundaresvara Siva temples is located in village Sundarpada, Old Town, Bhubaneswar. It is on the right side of the road leading from Lingaraja temple to Sundarpada. The enshrined deity is a circular yonipitha facing towards the north. The Siva lingam is absent. The temple precinct is 1.15 metres below the present road level. There are two entrances on the south-west and northwest corners provided with seven flights of steps leading down to the temple.

Tradition & legends

According to the local tradition the village is named after the enshrined deity Sundaresvara. Since the environment of the village was beautiful the enshrined deity of the village temple was named as Sundaresvara. Similarly the tank adjoining the temple was named as Sundresvara tank. Another tradition held that the temple in the village was dedicated to Sundaresvara, the royal preceptor of lord Lingaraja. Hence the deity is Sundaresvara and the name of the village is Sundarapada.

Visvanath Siva Temple

Visvanath Siva temple is situated in the Kotitirthesvara temple precinct in Bhubaneswar
Location

The temple is facing towards west and is abandoned, without any enshrining deity in the sanctum. It is maintained by the Kotitirthesvara Thakura Development Committee. Orissa State Archaeology renovated it during the 10th and 11th Finance Commission Awards. The local people say that the lingam was shifted to a modern temple located in the north-east corner of the precinct. The temple is surrounded by residential buildings in the west, Kotitirthesvara tank in the east and Kotitirthesvara temple in the north. The temple is of Rekha order.

Visvanatha Shiva Temple

Visvanatah Siva Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Visvanatha and is one of the temples of Bhubaneswar, a revered pilgrimage center and the capital of the state of Orissa. It is a living temple, facing west, situated on the road from Lingaraja Temple to Mausima Temple. The presiding deity is a Siva lingam with a circular yoni installed inside the sanctum that was brought from Kasi. The temple was built in the 19th century and is of modern construction

Vishnu Temple, Bhubaneswar

 

The Vishnu Temple, Bhubaneswar is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu situated on the eastern embankment of Bindu Sagar at Talabazar, on the right side of the Talabazar road leading from Lingaraj temple to Kedara-Gouri lane in Bhubaneswar, the capital of Orissa, India. The temple faces west and the Sanctum is presently used for storage purposes. The sculptural embellishment on the outer wall and the parsavadevatas in raha niche suggests that the temple was originally dedicated to Vishnu.

The Temple

The temple is estimated to have built during the 12th Century A.D. with Rekha deul topology. i) Surrounding: The Temple is surrounded by Bindusagara tank in the west at a distance of 8.00 metres across the road, Ananta Vasudeva Temple in the north at a distance of 10.00 metres, Ananta Vasudev bhogamandapa in the east at a distance of 1.00 metres and local shops in the south.

 





Om Tat Sat
                                                        
(Continued...)                                                                                                                              



(My humble  salutations to the great devotees ,  wikisources  and Pilgrimage tourist guide for the collection )

1 comments:

Elizabeth White-Nadler said...

Thank you for information about the Paschimesvara Siva Temple which I saw in November 2014. I didn't even know it had been a temple, though I saw a woman praying there.

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